Zhang Xueliang

Zhang Xueliang

Zhang Xueliang (1901-2001, Wade-Giles: Chang Hsu-Liang) was the northern Chinese military leader and warlord responsible for the 1936 Xi’an incident.

Zhang was born in Fengtian province; his father was Zhang Zuolin, a bandit turned warlord who effectively ruled Manchuria during the late 1910s and early 1920s. The younger Zhang received a military education, both in China and Japan, before becoming a commander in his father’s Fengtian army. Though intelligent and well trained, Zhang Xueliang was also flighty, a heavy drinker and, for a time, an opium addict.

In 1928, Japanese agents assassinated his father, handing Zhang Xueliang control of Manchuria and the Fengtian army. To the surprise of some, Zhang aligned himself with Jiang Jieshi and the Guomindang while adopting a strong line against Japanese and Soviet influence in Manchuria. Zhang was politically opposed to the CCP but was prepared to ally with them to resist Japanese aggression.

In December 1936, Zhang instigated the Xi’an incident, kidnapping and detaining Jiang Jieshi until he agreed to an anti-Japanese alliance with the CCP. Zhang later fled to Taiwan with Jiang Jieshi, before living out his final years in Hawaii.

Le informazioni e le risorse in questa pagina sono © Alpha History 2018-23.
Il contenuto di questa pagina non può essere copiato, ripubblicato o ridistribuito senza l'espressa autorizzazione di Alpha History. Per ulteriori informazioni, consultare il nostro Condizioni d'uso.
Questo sito Web utilizza pinyin romanizzazioni di parole e nomi cinesi. Per favore riferisci a questa pagina per maggiori informazioni.